Acidosis is a condition where blood acidity is significantly high. One common cause of acidosis is the build up of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream due to reduced breathing effectiveness. Some metabolic problems that decrease buffer levels and promotes acid in the blood can also cause acidosis. Severe diarrhea can cause acid build up because it can decrease levels of bicarbonate, a substance that controls the level of acids.
When diabetes is poorly managed, acidic ketones are produced by the body as a form of energy. Ketones can build up in the blood and cause a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Heart failure, kidney failure, liver failure, and cancer can also cause metabolic acidosis.
Blood can also become too alkaline and the condition is known as alkalosis. The levels of hydrogen proton and carbon dioxide is significantly low during alkalosis. Lung disease, shock, aspirin overdose, and anxiety can cause respiratory alkalosis.
Metabolic alkalosis can be triggered during severe vomiting due to the decrease of hydrogen and chloride ions which are necessary components of HCl acid. Medications such as diuretics and antacids can also cause alkalosis when taken in high amounts.