Research Highlights: New Species of Pygmy Seahorse Discovered

Computed tomography scanned skeleton of Hippocampus nalu, SAMC-F041933, holotype, 18.9 mm SL, female SL A ventral view B lateral view C dorsal view.

New Species of Pygmy Seahorse Discovered

  • The tiny seahorse was discovered near the continent of Africa.
  • There were only seven pygmy seahorses identified around the world.
  • Research scientist unofficially named the creature Hippocampus nalu.
  • The tiny seahorse have a honey-brown color and a reddish tail which allows them to mix in with the surrounding algae and sand.
  • The newly discovered species grow to a maximum size of 2 centimeter.
  • They are so small that two of the seahorses would fit in a U.S. nickel coin.
  • According to National Geographic, the new species have spines on their backs, while the other identified species have flat-tipped spines.


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