Research Highlights: Pfizer’s paxlovid drug has the potential to treat high-risk COVID-19 patients


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Pfizer’s paxlovid drug has the potential to treat high-risk COVID-19 patients

  • Paxlovid is an investigational antiviral drug used to treat COVID-19 in both adults and children.[1]
  • Pfizer’s oral version of paxlovid significantly reduced hospital admissions and deaths in people infected with SARS-CoV-2.
  • The study included 1219 adults who were registered by September 29, 2021.
  • Participants who received paxlovid within 3 days of the onset of COVID-19 symptoms had an 11 percent chance of getting admitted to a hospital or death related to COVID-19.
  • In contrast, participants who received the placebo had an 89 percent chance for the same consequences.
  • Paxlovid contains two medications namely nirmatrelvir and ritonavir which are protease inhibitors.[1]
  • Participants treated with paxlovid within 5 days of the onset of symptoms had only 1 percent chance of getting admitted up to day 28 with no deaths while participants in the placebo group had 6.7 percent with 10 deaths.
  • Safety analysis revealed that people treated with paxlovid had 1.7 percent chance of experiencing serious adverse events while people treated with placebo had 6.6 percent chance.

Sources:

Mahase E. (2021). Covid-19: Pfizer’s paxlovid is 89% effective in patients at risk of serious illness, company reports. BMJ (Clinical research ed.)375, n2713. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n2713

[1] https://www.drugs.com/paxlovid.html

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