Research Summary: A Mighty Small Heart: The Cardiac Proteome of Adult Drosophila melanogaster

ABSTRACT

Drosophila melanogaster is emerging as a powerful model system
for the study of cardiac disease. Establishing peptide and protein maps of the
Drosophila heart is central to implementation of protein
network studies that will allow us to assess the hallmarks of
Drosophila heart pathogenesis and gauge the degree of
conservation with human disease mechanisms on a systems level. Using a
gel-LC-MS/MS approach, we identified 1228 protein clusters from 145 dissected
adult fly hearts. Contractile, cytostructural and mitochondrial proteins were
most abundant consistent with electron micrographs of the
Drosophila cardiac tube. Functional/Ontological enrichment
analysis further showed that proteins involved in glycolysis,
Ca2+-binding, redox, and G-protein signaling, among other
processes, are also over-represented. Comparison with a mouse heart proteome
revealed conservation at the level of molecular function, biological processes
and cellular components. The subsisting peptidome encompassed 5169 distinct
heart-associated peptides, of which 1293 (25%) had not been identified in
a recent Drosophila peptide compendium. PeptideClassifier
analysis was further used to map peptides to specific gene-models. 1872 peptides
provide valuable information about protein isoform groups whereas a further 3112
uniquely identify specific protein isoforms and may be used as a
heart-associated peptide resource for quantitative proteomic approaches based on
multiple-reaction monitoring. In summary, identification of
excitation-contraction protein landmarks, orthologues of proteins associated
with cardiovascular defects, and conservation of protein ontologies, provides
testimony to the heart-like character of the Drosophila cardiac
tube and to the utility of proteomics as a complement to the power of genetics
in this growing model of human heart disease.

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Publisher: Public Library of Science

Date Published: 25-April-2011

Author(s): Cammarato A., Ahrens C., Alayari N., Qeli E., Rucker J., Reedy M., Zmasek C., Gucek M., Cole R., Van Eyk J., Bodmer R., O’Rourke B., Bernstein S., Foster D.

Link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018497

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