Research Summary: Cloning, Expression and Characteristics of a Novel Alkalistable and Thermostable Xylanase Encoding Gene (Mxyl) Retrieved from Compost-Soil Metagenome

ABSTRACT

Background

The alkalistable and thermostable xylanases are in high demand for pulp bleaching in paper industry and generating xylooligosaccharides by hydrolyzing xylan component of agro-residues. The compost-soil samples, one of the hot environments, are expected to be a rich source of microbes with thermostable enzymes.


Methodology/Principal Findings

Metagenomic DNA from hot environmental samples could be a rich source of novel biocatalysts. While screening metagenomic library constructed from DNA extracted from the compost-soil in the p18GFP vector, a clone (TSDV-MX1) was detected that exhibited clear zone of xylan hydrolysis on RBB xylan plate. The sequencing of 6.321 kb DNA insert and its BLAST analysis detected the presence of xylanase gene that comprised 1077 bp. The deduced protein sequence (358 amino acids) displayed homology with glycosyl hydrolase (GH) family 11 xylanases. The gene was subcloned into pET28a vector and expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3). The recombinant xylanase (rMxyl) exhibited activity over a broad range of pH and temperature with optima at pH 9.0 and 80°C. The recombinant xylanase is highly thermostable having T1/2 of 2 h at 80°C and 15 min at 90°C.


Conclusion/Significance

This is the first report on the retrieval of xylanase gene through metagenomic approach that encodes an enzyme with alkalistability and thermostability. The recombinant xylanase has a potential application in paper and pulp industry in pulp bleaching and generating xylooligosaccharides from the abundantly available agro-residues.

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Publisher: Public Library of Science

Date Published: 31-January-2013

Author(s): Verma D., Kawarabayasi Y., Miyazaki K., Satyanarayana T.

Link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052459

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