We study the patterns that short strands of single-stranded DNA form on the top
graphene surface of graphite. We find that the DNA assembles into two distinct
patterns, small spherical particles and elongated networks. Known interaction
models based on DNA-graphene binding, hydrophobic interactions, or models based
on the purine/pyrimidine nature of the bases do not explain our observed
crossover in pattern formation. We argue that the observed assembly behavior is
caused by a crossover in the competition between base-base pi stacking and
base-graphene pi stacking and we infer a critical crossover energy of
measurement of the base-base interaction strength.
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Date Published: 12-April-2011
Author(s): Akca S., Foroughi A., Frochtzwajg D., Postma H.