The cyclin-D/CDK4,6/p16INK4a/pRB/E2F pathway, a key regulator of the critical G1 to S phase transition of the cell cycle, is universally disrupted in human cancer. However, the precise function of the different members of this pathway and their functional interplay are still not well defined.
We have shown here that the tumor suppressor p16INK4a protein positively controls the expression of cyclin D1 and E2F1 in both human and mouse cells. p16INK4a stabilizes the mRNAs of the corresponding genes through negative regulation of the mRNA decay-promoting AUF1 protein. Immunoprecipitation of AUF1-associated RNAs followed by RT-PCR indicated that endogenous AUF1 binds to the cyclin D1 and E2F1 mRNAs. Furthermore,
These findings show that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p16 INK4a is also a modulator of transcription and apoptosis through controlling the expression of two major transcription regulators, AUF1 and E2F1.
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Date Published: 20-July-2011
Author(s): Al-Khalaf H., Colak D., Al-Saif M., Al-Bakheet A., Hendrayani S., Al-Yousef N., Kaya N., Khabar K., Aboussekhra A.